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Environment, Sustainable Development and Climate Change

RTEmagicC_climate_change001.jpgClimate change is widely accepted as one of the greatest global challenges today. The Pacific Island Countries are particularly susceptible to its impacts due to their low-lying island and atoll nature. Their vulnerability is exacerbated by a high dependence on natural marine resources for tourism and fisheries, which are already being affected by the rise in temperature and ocean acidification. This Strategic Theme builds on the work of the Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACESD) and CROP agencies to provide effective, community-based and policy-level solutions for climate change adaptation, in collaboration with these institutions and other partners.

This SRT deals with the following broad themes: Community, Sustainable Livelihood and ESD; Marine Biodiversity and Resource Management, and Food Security and Climate Change.



Geochemical investigation of water quality resources in the volcanic Ambae Island in Vanuatu

Project Title: Geochemical investigation of water quality resources in the volcanic Ambae Island in Vanuatu

Principal Investigator: Dr Krishna Kotra

Team Members:          

Prof. Surendra Prasad, SBCS, FSTE, USP                             

Dr Srikanth Bathula, Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Applied Sciences, PNG Unitech, PNG.                                    

Mr Erie Sammy, Senior Hydrogeologist, Dept. of Water Resources, Govt. of Vanuatu

Dr Tim Foster, Chancellors Post-Doctoral Research Fellow,

Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney, Australia

Dr Will Bennett, Senior Lecturer, Environmental Futures Research Institute and School of Environment and Science, Griffith University. 

Funding: FJD $73,500

Duration: 2 years from 12 Feb 2019

Overview of Project

World Health Organization states that “access to safe drinking water is essential to health, a basic human right and a component of effective policy for health protection” [WHO, 2004]. This mighty challenge for any government needs vision besides expertise. Most countries including PICs endeavour to reach this basic goal, but there are many challenges. Especially in case of PICs, with limited technical and financial resources this task is huge and Vanuatu is no exception. Vanuatu has been a victim of climate change impacts. In less than 2 years, Vanuatu has experienced two category 5 cyclones and a strong El Nino event that has devastated many provinces and affected the whole country to some extent.  Communities in the Ambae Island of Vanuatu generally depend on a combination of water sources from groundwater, rain harvest or rivers for their drinking water. Even places on the hills tops are at risks as they rely on rainwater harvest or tanker suppliers, which may be susceptible to variable supply (i.e. dry spells). In want of proper analytical facilities, there is also uncertainty regarding the quality of this water, which may have serious health effects (i.e. microbial contamination) and thus may have fatal outcomes.

The recent continuous volcanic eruptions in Ambae Island spilling ash and generating acid rains have severely impacted the quality of the water resources. The population of over 16,000 was being effected due to this natural disaster. Environmental impact assessment studies are often seen as the real measure of the effect of various components on a particular system/s (Glasson, 2013; Wang et al., 2006). As of their importance in disseminating real time solutions for natural and made catastrophes these studies are very important all over the world. Therefore, the drinking water in Ambae has been a national debate due to the frequent volcanic eruptions. There have been much debate for assessment and few proposals came up but none of them have yet provided an investigation of the water quality and mechanisms that governs the water quality changes and thus, poses threats to the water resources in Vanuatu.  Thus, there is an urgent need to investigate the quality of water resources that has been a huge health concern in Ambae Island and whole Vanuatu in general. The Dept. of Water Resources, Government of Vanuatu is equipped with only preliminary analysis facilities and thus there is a need for comprehensive study using more sophisticated equipment and hence this project is proposed.

Establishment of Biological Control Laboratory and Demo Farm for the Management of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros in USP Alafua Campus, Samoa

Project Title: Establishment of Biological Control Laboratory and Demo Farm for the Management of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros in USP Alafua Campus, Samoa

Principal Investigator: Dr Leslie T.Ubaub

Team Members:          

Alminda M. Fernandez, USP SAFT

Dr Kaliova Ravuiwasa, FNU

Amit Sukal, SPC, Fiji

Funding: FJD $49,059

Duration: 3 years from 12 Feb 2019

Overview of Project

Coconut tree is popularly known as the “tree of life” since most of its parts has its utility, some of these are even commercial. Copra for instance, is an important export commodity to many Pacific Island Countries (PICs) like Samoa. Locally, Samoa is known for its sweet and refreshing ‘Niu’, the coconut water and other tasty delicacies made of coconut milk. Like many other PICs, the coconut industry of Samoa is struggling and continuously challenged by the presence of Rhinoceros beetle, an insect pest of coconut. This proposal aims to isolate indigenous microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria and nematode including viruses that parasitizes and pathogenic to the said insect pest as biological control agents. The use of this microorganisms has been proven to be effective in Southeast Asia such as Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. It is also environment-friendly since they are naturally occurring. There were efforts done in the past and some are still on-going using Virus however, there is a need to establish a laboratory and a demo farm wherein there will be a sustainable program in the management of Rhinoceros beetle using microorganisms. This laboratory and demo farm will be working on biological control agents, its mass production for continuous supply and distribution to the farmers, provides trainings and assistance to farmers on the application of this biocon agents, and mentor students and junior staff to ensure lasting program. USP-SAFT offers a suitable platform for education, research and extension with its laboratory, land and human resources.

Design, fabrication and testing of a novel combined pre-heating, solar chimney and Sea Solar Power (OTEC) plant and its socio-economic and environmental implications

Project Title: Design, fabrication and testing of a novel combined pre-heating, solar chimney and Sea Solar Power (OTEC) plant and its socio-economic and environmental implications

Principal Investigator: Prof. M. Rafiuddin Ahmed

Team Members:          

Prof. Young-Ho Lee, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, South Korea

Assoc. Prof. Manoranjan Mohanty, School of Government, Development and International Affairs, FBE.

Funding: FJD $51,055

Duration: Twenty months from 12 Feb 2019

Overview of Project

Among the many sources of renewable energy, solar energy is one of the more promising ones since the sun is the ultimate source of most renewable energy supplies. Although solar energy has the highest available energy, only a little fraction of the available energy is used. This project involves a unique combination of two stages of energy capture and two stages of power generation (by turbines). Surface pre-heating will be accomplished using a long copper pipe placed in a parabolic solar collector that will be designed to absorb maximum solar energy. The heated water will be made to flow in the same copper pipe that will be placed in the gap between the Perspex greenhouse collector of the Solar Chimney Power Plant (SCPP). The exiting water, which will still be at a higher temperature, will be circulated through the Evaporator of a sea solar power (OTEC) plant (cold water will be taken from a chiller). As a result, a higher temperature difference will be available, which will improve the output and efficiency of the plant. Developed countries are now providing huge fundings for sea solar power (OTEC) generation. For example, KOICA has provided funding of US$22 million for the design and installation of a 1 MW plant in Kiribati.

This novel concept will not only generate power from the OTEC plant, but will also generate power from the SCPP. Such a system will be ideal for many islands of the PICs, as it can develop power from the sea (OTEC) even on very cloudy days. The actual system can be of any capacity ranging from 200 kW to 1 MW. Installation of such systems can reduce the dependence of PICs on fossil fuels and will ultimately lead to their socio-economic development. An economic analysis of a 500 kW system will be carried out and payback period will be estimated.

It is expected that, this project will produce at least three high impact journal publications. It is also planned to apply for a patent once we get some initial results.

The Distribution of recently established White Footed Ant (WFA) species - Technomyrmex albipes, its impacts on selected Agricultural Crops and the Development of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan for the White Footed Ants in Fiji

Project Title: The Distribution of recently established White Footed Ant (WFA) species – Technomyrmex albipes, its impacts on selected Agricultural Crops and the Development of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan for the White Footed Ants in Fiji

Principal Investigator: Dr Hilda Sakiti-Waqa

Team Members:          

Dr. Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt–PaCE-SD, USP

Mr. Marika Tuiwawa- IAS, FSTE, USP

Mr. Anare Caucau- Ministry of Agriculture, Fiji

Dr. Disna Gunawardana- Diagnostic and Surveillance Services (DSS), Biosecurity, New Zealand

Funding: FJD $49,800

Duration: 2 years from 13 Mar 2019

Overview of Project

The White footed ant (WFA), Technomyrmex albipes is becoming a major concern in Fiji as it has been recorded to cause destruction to both structural properties, and also a pest to both agriculture and horticulture. This project focuses on the agricultural impacts in providing baseline information on the distribution of WFA in Fiji and the identification of major agricultural crops that it affects and implications on plant growth and yield Results of this research would provide baseline data for future works in strengthening the control measures for the WFA in Fiji and can also be applicable to the region especially in countries where they are being recorded from. It can also provide biosecurity control measures in the prevention of its spread to other neighbouring countries where it has not been recorded as yet. A solution to the WFA issue in Fiji would undoubtedly be of great benefit to the Pacific region as the pest threatens food security and livelihoods. Currently nothing is being done about it at national levels.  

At the regional level, USP having campuses in 14 PICs, our work could easily be regionalized by conducting surveys and exporting our solutions and recommendations to each of these countries

A major output of this project would be the development of an Integrated Pest Management Plan which will also include a monitoring plan that the Ministry of Agriculture can use to disseminate information to farmers for application. The IPM plan is the most effective and long-term approach towards pest management and it employs a combination of methods such as biological, physical and chemical controls. The integrated approach for this project will also explore the use of adaptation measures such as trimming trees and shrubs to prevent transfer between plants and onto structures and buildings. This will ensure that control measures are environmentally friendly and also affordable to farmers to ensure sustainable practices.

A publication in a peer reviewed scientific journal is also anticipated as an outcome of this research project which will detail significant findings from this research.

Future of Renewable Energy in Fiji: Harvest Energy from Footsteps at USP (HEF)

Team Members: Dr Kabir Mamun (Project Leader), Dr. F M Rabiul Islam, FSTE, Prof. Maurizio Cirrincione, FSTE, Mr. Krishneel Prakash, FSTE, A/Prof. M G M Khan, FSTE, Dr. Mahmood Rashid, FSTE       

External Collaborator: A/Prof. Hemanshu Pota School of Engineering and Information Technology, UNSW, Canberra, Australia 

Funding: FJD$46,257.60

Duration: 3 years

Overview of Project

This project will design, develop and implement an energy harvesting system that is to produce electricity from human footsteps. In addition the system also able to produce energy from the solar and also to be connected to the energy storage device for use during night-time when it’s needed. Moreover the project setup will be done in the USP bus bay walkway arcade since it is the busiest place in the USP      


Anticipated Outcomes and Benefits:       

Small-scale mechanical energy harvesting has been studied intensively and extensively for more than a decade, with a number of potential applications in wireless sensors and electronic devices. Large-scale harvesting at 1 W–100 kW or even higher could lead to meaningful solution to the energy crisis. It can also find important applications in self-power active or semi-active vibration controls. Relatively, more challenges have been encountered in large-scale mechanical energy harvesting technology, with many questions to be answered.

Assessment of risks to human health and food safety from a neglected disease parasite (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) in Fiji and Samoa

Team Members: Dr Sunil Singh (Project Leader), Dr Gilianne Brodie,FSTE,

Mr Falaniko Amosa, FBE, School of Agriculture & Food Technology (Samoa)

Collaborators: Mr Mike Kama, Ministry of Health and Medical Services (Fiji), Mr Gary Barker, Landcare Research (New Zealand), Dr Filipina Amosa-Lei Sam, Pathology Registrar, National Health Services, (Samoa) Research Assistant (To be determined), USP, FSTE, SBCS (Fiji & Samoa)

Funding: FJD$48,980.50

Duration: 18 months – starting Aug 2017          

Overview of Project

The project focuses on risk assessment and medical treatment of a neglected emerging disease, Angiostrongyliasis, caused by a nematode parasite (rat lungworm), affecting humans and other mammals. When infected with this nematode, humans can become ill and in severe cases infection can result in brain damage, paralysis or even death. Although the disease is known from the Pacific, there are scarce reports on the vectors, pathways, prevalence and awareness of this disease in developing Pacific Island Countries and is currently under recognised as a health issue. This research aims to fill identified knowledge gaps by undertaking a review/analysis of the potential vectors and pathways of the disease in Fiji and Samoa. In Samoa, the disease is not known to be present but the vectors are; while in Fiji, both the vectors and disease are present

1.      To undertake a comparative risk assessment of the vectors and pathways of rat lungworm in Fiji & Samoa and identify vector species which are potentially high risk.

2.      To determine the status of rat lungworm in Samoa.

3.      To undertake a survey of medical practitioners and general public in Fiji and Samoa on their awareness of Angiostrongyliasis

4.      To explore potential for linkage of an equivalent study in New Caledonia that could be supported by the French Pacific Fund

Assessing Prospects for the Use of Locally Produced Crops of the South Pacific region as Feed Materials in Poultry Nutrition

Team Members: Prof Surendra Prasad (Project Leader), Dr Jagdish Bhati, FBE, Ms. Prayna Maharaj, FSTE, Ms. Riteshma Devi, FSTE

Funding: FJD$46,666

Duration: 12 months (July 2017 to June 2018)

Overview of Project

The project will involve three steps.  Firstly, samples of various crop products and other feedstuffs produced locally will be collected for their nutritional analysis.  Secondly, each of the samples will be chemically analyzed to assess composition and levels of nutrients contained in it.  Thirdly, the extent to which imported feed ingredients can be replacement by locally produced crop materials in poultry feed formulation will be assessed by linear programming modelling.

The new knowledge generated by this project about formulation of balanced poultry feed with locally produced ingredients will help unleash vast untapped potential for PICs local resources for high-value use.  Thus, ultimately it will enhance farmers’ income-earning capabilities and reduce their food and nutrition insecurity by sustainable higher agricultural production and better use of their lesser used local resources.

Investigations of Sea State and Upper Atmosphere during Earthquakes and Tropical Cyclones in the South Pacific Region: Fiji, Vanuatu and Samoa

Team Members: Professor Sushil Kumar, SEP, FSTE, USP. (Principal Investigator)

     Dr. Awnesh Singh, Lecturer, PACE-SD, USP

     Associate Professor MGM Khan, SCIMS, FSTE, USP

     Dr. Abhikesh Kumar, Lecturer, SEP, FSTE, USP.

     Mr Ashneel Chandra, TA, SEP, FSTE, USP.

     Mr Atishnal Chand, TA (Vanuatu) SEP, FSTE, USP.

     Prof. Maurizio Cirrincione, Head, SEP. (Advisor and Collaborator)

External Collaborator: Dr. Torsten Neubert, Senior Scientist, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark (DTU Space), Copenhagen, Denmark.

Funding: FJD$45,626

Duration: 3.5 years

Overview of Project

The two most devastating natural hazards that can pose real threat to the societies and economies of small island countries including the South Pacific region are EQs and TCs. EQs bring more destruction to houses, buildings, and infrastructure and lead to injury and loss of life. TCs bring more social and economic disruptions and loss by affecting sectors such as education, health, agriculture, energy, water, biodiversity, and other infrastructure and loss to life and properties. The upper atmospheric perturbations associated with EQs and TCs can be measured using the various radio wave techniques and atmospheric perturbations at times can cause serious difficulties in satellite communication and navigation.


The specific objectives for this study are:

  1. To determine lower ionospheric changes associated with tropical cyclones and earthquakes using the VLF perturbations.
  2. To develop a possible predictive statistical model of TCs and SST during normal and disturbed conditions.
  3. To quantify the effect of TCs and EQs on the oceanographic and atmospheric parameters mainly sea surface temperature, sea surface salinity and geostrophic currents:
  4. To determine the impact of tropical cyclones on oceanic heat content
  5. To determine the AGWs in the lower ionosphere using digital signal analysis techniques

Techno-economic feasibility study of solar driven electric mobility in Fiji

Team Members: Dr Atul Raturi (Project Leader),

Mr. Iferemi Dau- IUCN , A/Energy programme coordinator

Mr. Andrew Irvin – IUCN, Sustainable development researcher

Mr. Mark Borg – Pacific Islands Development Forum ( PIDF), Leader, Program Management Team

Dr. Shikha Raturi – School of Education – FALE, USP; e-learning and participatory research expert

Funding: FJD$52,000

Duration: 1.5 years

Overview of Project

This research project will investigate the potential and feasibility of solar PV charged Electric Vehicle in Fiji and the Pacific region as a substitute for fossil fueled land transport especially in the small vehicle (delivery vans, taxis etc) and tourism sector. Demonstration solar PV charging stations will be designed for various locations and their performance in combination with test vehicles will be simulated/investigated. A participatory research approach will be undertaken to gauge and ensure ongoing interest and capacity of various stakeholders in this ‘de-carbonizing Fiji and the Pacific’ initiative.

This project aligns well with The University of the South Pacific’s strategic plan as it supports priority area 4-Regional and community engagement, and 5- human resources. We have been engaged in solar photovoltaics related research for a very long time. A 2.6 kW solar PV charging station was established at its Laucala campus in 2012 to aid research and capacity building.

USP, in partnership with both IUCN and PIDF, has established the Oceania Centre for Sustainable Transport, to promote sustainable land, sea, and air transport in the Pacific region. This project will augment USP’s research activities in this area.

This project’s results will benefit a number of stakeholders from the tourism sector to the transport sector, besides helping cut Fiji’s overall emissions and petroleum consumption. Local transport operators are interested in deploying EVs, but are not sure of the availability of necessary infrastructure (PIDF/PC). This project will help chart a plan for the establishment of suitable charging facilities and pave the way for future development

(PIURN) Air Pollution in Pacific Island cities: PM2.5 measurements, its elemental composition and bio-monitoring

Team Members: Dr Francis Mani (Principal Investigator), Ajal Kumar, FSTE, Anjeela Jokhan, FSTE  

External Collaborators: Peggy Gunkel-Grillon, Institut des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, University of New Caledonia, Richard Peltier, School of Public Health Sciences, University of Massuchetts, Sofia Shah, School of Sciences, Fiji National University, Christine Laporte-Magoni, Institut des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, University of New Caledonia, Thomas Quiniou, Institut des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, University of New Caledonia, Monika Le Mestre, Institut des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées, University of New Caledonia

Funding: FJD$59,500.00

Duration: 3 years (October 2017 – October 2020)

Overview of Project

This study aims to investigate air pollution in major cities in the Pacific like Suva, Lautoka and Noumea using continuous PM2.5 samplers and also bio-indicators such as lichens. Suva city is one of the fastest growing cities in the south pacific region that has seen recent increase in traffic on the road. This study aims to provide insights into the impact of traffic and industrialization on air pollution. Apart from traffic and industrial pollution in Lautoka and Noumea there are other anthropogenic activities like sugar cane burning in Lautoka and nickel mining in Noumea that could seriously impact PM2.5 concentration and composition that could have adverse effect on human health.  A detailed elemental analysis would be performed on PM2.5 aerosols using the state of the art ICP-OES instrument at the University of New Caledonia to undertake source apportionment studies.

(PIURN) Evaluating the Effectiveness of s of National Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change in five Pacific Least Development Countries (LDC’s) – The Case of Solomon Islands

Team Members: Dr Morgan Wairiu (Principal Investigator)

  Dr Tammy Tabe (PaCE-SD)

  Ms Neneteiti Abeta (PhD Climate Change Student, Kiribati)

  Mr Viliamu Iese (Research Fellow & PhD Climate Change Student, Samoa)

  Mr John Walenenea Jr (MSc Climate Change student, Solomon Islands)

  Ms Teutala Morris (PhD Climate Change Student, Tuvalu)

  Ms Diana Salili (PhD Climate Change Student, Vanuatu)

External Collaborators

School of Natural and Applied Sciences at the Solomon Islands National University    (SINU): Professor Prem Rai and SNRAS academic staff (Ricardo Matapaza, Kemuel Satu, Willie Waroka, Lawrence Atu, Leeroy Joshua, Patterson Giza, John Tatalo, Carlos, Hiro, Henry Kaomara, Peter Mahoa, Alex Makini, Mary Tahu, and Dorothy Tavoa)

Implementing partners:

The USP and SINU team will consult and collaborate with the following important stakeholders: Solomon Islands Government, NGOs (Custom Garden, World Vision, ADRA, Live & Learn, Oxfam), Partnering Communities (CBOs, Church, Women Group, Youth Group), and Civil Society Organizations, including five Pacific LDC countries (Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu).

Funding: FJD$46,150

Duration: October 2017 – October 2018

Overview of Project

The proposed research study will focus on evaluating the effectiveness of adapting strategies used to address climate change impacts on atoll islands and other selected SI communities as prioritized in the SI National Adaption Programme of Action 2008 and align with lessons learned and experiences from implementation of the NAPAs in the four other Pacific LDCs.  A detail and comprehensive evaluation will be conducted on the specific key priority areas in SI NAPAs.  This includes:

  • Managing the impact of and enhancing resilience to climate change and sea level rise, on agriculture and food security, water supply and sanitation, human settlements, human health and education, awareness and information and
  • Climate change adaption on low-lying and artificially built up islands in Malaita and Temotu provinces.

Smart Water Quality Monitoring System in an automated irrigation Scheme to Reduce Environmental Impact on Fiji (WMISIF).

Project Leader: Dr Kabir Mamun

Team Members: Dr F.M Rabiul Islam, FSTE
Prof. Maurizio Cirrincione, FSTE
Dr Mahmood Rashid, FSTE


Funding: $45,972.46

Duration: 3 years

Overview of Project

Low quality water for irrigation can impose a major environmental constraint to crop productivity. The results revealed from various researches [1-3] show that the water quality significantly effects the yield, water use efficiency (WUE) in addition to that impacts on soil (i.e. salinity build up), plants, human health and irrigation equipment [4]. Moreover excessive irrigation also increases the depth of the groundwater [5].

Water quality monitoring is vital for irrigation. Literatures [6, 7] show that the water quality monitoring systems are exists in few developed countries, but most of them are not automated. Frequent manual measurement of the water quality parameters is expensive which conducts by portable test kits or in the laboratory with the collected sample [8]. Therefore it is still a need for the development of a network based, automated, real time water quality measurement system which can provide instant data on water quality parameters and help to manage water quality in various applications including irrigation.

On the other hand; Automatic irrigation systems provide reliable operation and offer higher productivity by using water effectively and reduce human efforts. Various researches [9, 10] showed an automated/semi-automated irrigation system, but none of them are neither smart nor ensure quality water for irrigation.

Fiji Islands are located in the vast South Pacific Ocean and not yet tried to create either massive irrigation infrastructure or undertake large scale measures of soil water conservation in hilly regions. Hence this research will combine smart water quality monitoring device and automated smart irrigation system for sustainable environment of Fiji.


Anticipated Outcomes and Benefits:

The final outcome of this project will be the integration of the following two sub systems with user friendly interface through Internet of Things (IoT):

  1. A smart water quality monitoring system
  2. A smart irrigation system

Investigation Of An Alternative Propulsion System For Sustainable Sea Transport

Project Leader: Prof Maurizio Cirrincione

Team Members: Dr Peter Nuttall ( PACE-SD,USP)
Dr David Aitchison (SEP, USP)
Dr Rabiul Ismam (SEP, USP)
Dr. Kabir Mamun (SEP,USP)
Mr Krishnil R Ram (SEP,USP)


Funding: $50K


Duration: 2.5 years

Overview of Project

There is a need to identify and implement sustainable sea transport solutions as the region is highly reliant on this mode of transport. A compressed air energy storage system (CAES) will be coupled with a Fuel Cell (FC) and suitable turbine/ air engine and generator to provide a new method of propulsion. The project aims to design, build and test a compressed air (or ‘pneumatic’) engine that uses the waste heat from a fuel cell. Both the fuel cell and compressed air engine will be used to generate electricity to drive a boat, thus creating a Pneumatic – Fuel Cell (P-FC) hybrid propulsion system. Marine propulsion requires a higher degree of reliability even if it may come at the expense of efficiency. The two propulsion systems used in this case can run independently of each other at lower efficiency if the need arises. This increases system reliability. The study is innovative as there is no such system built to date. A numerical model of the P-FC system will be created and the experimental results from the prototype P-FC hybrid drive will be used to correct the model and estimate performances of a large scale system.

Compressed air can be generated from renewables onshore and fed onto mini compressed air tanks (MCAT) on the boat. This storage of compressed air will allow it to be used as fuel to run small marine craft together with hydrogen fuel cell systems. A cost benefit analysis of the project will also be done to determine its feasibility for long term use.Such a propulsion system is innovative and holds promise for patents. The region would benefit the most from such a system as existing boats can be easily retrofitted. Journal and conference publications that result from this research will not only positively impact the university but add more knowledge to the field of sustainable sea transportation. Such an system can vastly reduce fossil fuel reliance of maritime crafts and make sea transportation more sustainable.

Natural Hazards detection, analysis and socio-economic impacts in the South Pacific Region - Fiji and Samoa

Project Leader: Associate Professor Sushil Kumar (USP)

Team Members: Dr MGM Khan (USP)
Dr Manoranjan Mohanty (USP)
Mr Abhikesh Kumar (USP)
Prof. Masashi Hayakawa, University of Electro‐Communications, Advanced Wireless
Communications Research Center, Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo, Japan. Advisor/Collaborator.

Master Research Student: Possible 1 to 2 new GAs

Funding: FJD $ 45,600: Year 1; F$ 30,100, Year 2: F$ 6,900, and Year 3:F$ 5,700

Duration: 3.5 years

Overview of Project

This project addresses the issues on the detection, analysis, prediction, and reduction of the impact of natural hazards with reference to earthquakes and tropical cyclones, and explores strategies in enhancing the safety and human security in society, and help building more resilient and sustainable society, apart from the important scientific questions on their morphology in the South Pacific region.

Completed Projects

Investigating Microbial Electrolysis Cells and methane fermentation from wastewater treatment plants in Fiji

Project Title: Investigating Microbial Electrolysis Cells and methane fermentation from wastewater treatment plants in Fiji

Principal Investigator: Dr Samson Viulu

Team Members:          

Dr. Johann Ponapen–IAS, USP

Assoc. Prof. Kohei Nakamura- Gifu University, Japan

Wayne Kavora- MSc student IAS, FSTE, USP

Funding: FJD $50,000

Duration: 2 years from 1st Mar 2019

Overview of Project

This proposal will look at understanding the dynamics that enhances the growth of electrogenic microbes for production of hydrogen and methane as renewable fuels for generating electricity.  The initial project will be supported from the SRT funds while the funding is sought from other international research donors to expand the research into developing the actual market product for use in Fiji and the pacific region.  Design and implementation is based on an existing model in Gifu, Japan.  Once initial studies are successful, a pilot model is expected to be established for Fiji in 5 years’ time and this can be expanded into other parts of the region.  All findings related to microbial studies,  model designs and the mechanisms of action involved in MEC will be established at USO for training purposes and published in peer reviewed scientific journals.  Plant designs will be patented and responsible microbes to be licensed for commercial purposes.  Similar studies will be also replicated in other national universities in the region including the Fiji National University and the Solomon Islands National University, just to name a few.

Climate Change and Food Security Assessment  in Pacific Island Countries

Cluster Sub-theme: Food Security

Project Team Leader: Dr Morgan Wairiu

Team Members: Dr Jimaima Lako, Toni Fisher, Dr Othniel Yila, Dr Sushil Kumar, Cherie Morris, Kenneth Lameta, Mohammed Umar, Dr Sunil Kumar, Dr Jagdish Bhati, Dr Teweiariki Teaero, Viliamu Iese

Funding: FJD50,000

Duration of Project: 12 months from January 2012

Overview of Project:

This research project will investigate climate change impact on food security in USP member countries in the Pacific region and will be implemented in three phases. Phase I which forms this proposal will be a review of climate change and food security and will involve desktop study and site visits to gather relevant information and data from various reports; publications; databases; and relevant organizations and institutes throughout the USP member countries. It will review the food security situation in the Pacific islands and impact of climate change to determine research gaps and priorities.

Phase II will involve the selection of a number of vulnerable sites in the region and to carry out detail assessment on status on climate change impact food security. This will utilize lessons learned and best practices that are generated in Phase I. The assessment will also include socio-economic analysis on the impacts of climate change.


Phase III will involve selection of adaptation options or measures and best practices for implementation in sites that are vulnerable to climate change. The cost-benefit analysis of adaptation options will also be carried out. Implementation of Phase II will start after completion of Phase I and then to be followed by Phase III.

The goal of phase I of this project is to document past and current research work on climate change and food security in PICs, identify information and research gaps and map out future research priorities and options. Phase I will be implemented over 12 months (January to December 2012) by twelve staff from all three USP faculties and PACE-SD who are members of the Research Theme: “Climate Change and Food Security” and will be assisted by a Research Assistant who will be hired under the project on a 12-month contract. The Research Theme Project Leader will provide coordination of the project activities under the guidance of the Research Cluster Team Leader.


Sustainable Sea Transport Research Programme Extension

Cluster Sub-theme: SSTR Programme

Team Members: Prof. Elisabeth Holland, Dr Joeli Veitayaki and Dr Peter Nuttall

Funding: $66, 572.19

Duration of Project: 12 months from June 1st 2014 – May 31st 2015

Overview of Project:

This project is an extension of the existing Sustainable Sea Transport Research Programme (SSTRP) currently active under the SRT Programme.  SSTRP was initiated as a one-year funded action research catalyst to achieve a number of key objectives; primarily to establish the base literature in this field, organize the SSTT 2014, initiate key case study and prepare a long-term regional programme of research and action.  SSTRP has successfully commenced or achieved all the KPI set and will end on 31 May 2014.  However, the expected additional outcome of securing funding to roll-out the initial catalyst into a resourced long-term programme has not been achieved.  This project is to provide a further 12-month extension of the SSTRP to allow further incubation time and to continue negotiations between USP and various donor & partner organisations to secure long-term commitment to the resourcing of the programme either internally within the University or from external sources.

Sustainable sea transport: sustaining the impetus of SSTT 2012 - SSTRP 1

Cluster Sub-theme: Sustainable sea transport

Project Team Leader: Prof. Biman Prasad

Team Members: Joeli Veitayaki, Vina Ram, Elisabeth Holland, Dr Peter Nuttall

Funding: $126,973

Duration: 1 year from 1st March 2013

Overview of Project:


Sustainable Transport

In November 2012 USP hosted, on behalf of a collaboration of stakeholder organizations, the Sustainable Sea Transport Talanoa (SSTT) a 3-day international talanoa on the potential for developing alternative energy sea-transport options for Oceanic communities. The SSTT 2012 covered both heritage and future applications aspects of sustainable sea transport. The SSTT 2012 was an enormous success (possibly a world first), bringing together participants from across the globe, many attending electronically. There was strong interest from external participants in the Pacific shipping scenario and strong interest in attending a larger, more formal conference in 2014. The research field is broad, including technology, policy, economics, socio-cultural and climate change adaption and mitigation.


The first Pliocene sea-surface temperature record from the Southwest Pacific and its implications for regional climate predictions

Project Leader: Dr Eleanor John

Team Members: Dr Michelle McKeown, SGESE

Dr Awnesh Singh, PACE-SD
BSc and postgraduate students at USP (from SGESE, SMS, PACE-SD)

External Collaborators:

Prof Alan Haywood, UK
Prof Carrie Lear, UK
Dr Paola Moffa Sanchez, UK
Prof Richard Pancost, UK
Dr Gordon Inglis, UK

External Collaborators (other):

Mineral Resources Division, Fiji
South Pacific Consotium,
Geoscience Division, Fiji

Funding: $49,200      


Duration: July 1st 2016 to July 1st 2018

Overview of Project

In summary, the broad probles to be addressed here are : a) the need for more Pliocene climate change, particularly from the Pacific low latitudes b) a lack of understanding of how Pacific climate systems may operate in a warmer, higher CO2 world c)the difficulty in accessing suitable Pliocene deep-sea sediment archives in the Pacific low latitudes.

Mitigation mechanisms and recovering process after Cyclone Winston: A comparative study of four communities in Fiji

Project Leader: Dr Naohiro Nakamura

Team Members: Dr Yoko Kanemasu, FALE
Jovesa Tagivakatini, prospective MA research student and Fiji Bureau of Statistics    Statistician


Funding: $12,368


Duration: July 2016 to June 2017

Overview of Project

This project aims to identify recovery measures that have been taken by some remote communities after Cyclone Winston and aims to contribute to a better disaster planning in the context of Pacific Island countries. The project is particularly interested in how members of some communities responded to the damage caused by Winston and moved toward recovering, how traditional knowledge has contributed to mitigation mechanisms and recovering process and what can be learnt from these remote local communities. In countries with low priority with disaster management, such as Fiji, it might be critical for remote local communities to have self-mitigation mechanisms, as aid by the government and international community does not always quickly reach them. Existing literature on the impact of natural disasters and recovering process has observed progress made in developed countries, but not necessarily in developing countries with a few exceptions. Thus not only does this project contribute to literature on disaster management, it also provides practical knowledge of value to other remote communities. In effect, the project may contribute to facilitating remote communities to minimise the impact of severe natural disasters.

Evaluation of Community Based Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (CCDRM) Integration in Community Development Plans in Tonga and Fiji

Project Leader: Mr. Viliamu Iese (PACE-SD)

Team Members: Dr MGM Khan (USP)
Dr. Helene Jacot Des Combe (PACE-SD)
Dr. Robin Havea (USP)
Mr. Seone Lolesio (USP)
Dr. Morgan Wairiu (PACE-SD)
Ms. Annika Dean (UNSW)
Mr. Soane Patolo (General Manager – MORDI TT)
Mr. Taniela Hoponoa (MORDI TT – Tonga – Program Manager – LLEE)

Funding: FJD $ 50K

Duration: 19 months (January 2016 –  July 2017)

Overview of Project

Tonga and Fiji are highly at risk countries in terms of exposure and vulnerability to the impacts of natural hazards. Tonga was ranked 3rd and Fiji 16th in a global risk ranking study conducted in 2014.1 Disasters in these two countries have caused severe damages to infrastructure, basic services, loss of lives and livelihoods beyond the ability to respond, disrupting the normal functioning of the communities. Due to these regular impacts, governments and rural development sectors have recognized the need to shift from a reactive to a more proactive approach. They realized that reducing the risks through effective integration of climate change and disaster risk reduction at all levels would reduce the cost of damages when these adverse extreme events happen. Unfortunately, the “know how” to effectively integrate CC-DRM in development plans is still an emerging area of knowledge and research in the Pacific. Therefore, many ad hoc approaches and methods have been proposed and implemented in Pacific communities. To date, the type of method used depends on the person or organization involved. This leads to several problems such as increased confusion in the communities, communities feeling “burnt out” because of over-visitation from various actors, wasted time searching for the “supposed to be right” method causing delays in integrating plans and implementation and also limited ability to compare the risk levels between the communities within and between countries.

The UNDP/Live & Learn Pacific Risk Resilience Project (PRRP) is working closely with communities in the Western Division in Fiji and through MORDI TT in Tonga, to integrate CC-DRM in Community Development Plans. The partners identified the limitations of the current practices and requested a standardized method or tool kit to effectively integrate CC-DRM at the community level including pre-planning, planning and implementation phases. The main research question is: what are the existing CC-DRM integration tools in the Pacific and how can these tools be unified to create a standard tool for communities Pacific wide? The research team in this proposal is responding to the research need from stakeholders to critically and systematically analyze the existing methods and approaches on integrating CC-DRR in Tonga and Fiji and produce a standardized method that can be applied and implemented in other Pacific Island Countries. Tonga and Fiji were selected because of their advanced stage of CC-DRM integration at the community level. A Pacific wide CC-DRM Integration Tool Kit will be developed and published and community practitioners will be trained on how to use the tools. Furthermore, two publications in A-ranked Journals will be produced to share the findings of this research with the wider scientific community.

Traditional knowledge and coping mechanisms: Traditional cyclone shelter as crucial structure for disaster risk reduction after Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu and Cyclone Winston in Fiji

Team Members:

Dr. Eberhard Weber, School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment, FSTE

Dr. Frank Thomas, Oceania Centre for Arts, Culture & Pacific Studies, FALE

Dr. Manoranjan Mohanty, School of Governance & Development Studies, FBE

Dr. Kazuyoshi Nishijima, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan
Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazard Department
Rural Training Centers (RTC) in Vanuatu

Funding: FJD 50,000

Duration: Two years starting July 2016 until June 2018)

Overview of Project

Natural hazards are phenomena that pose threats to people’s lives and assets. Once such threats trigger real events to effect people in a negative way we experience disasters. There is nothing like a ‘natural’ disaster. People’s responses to hazards are driven by the concepts of vulnerability, copying, ability to recover and resilience. The activity looks into natural hazards in the Pacific Island region, concentrating on Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu and Cyclone Winston in Fiji. It is crucial that USP becomes leading in research on natural hazards in the Pacific Island countries from an applied perspective, i.e. providing support to strengthen people’s lives, livelihood security and resilience. In a time of climate change it is paramount that such research is undertaken, and that such research is funded.

Investigating ciguatera fish poisoning in Fiji water hotspots-traditional ecological knowledge and biological processes of occurrence and accumulation in seafood

Project Leader: Dr Jimaima Lako

Team Members: Dr Sereima Naisilisili, FALE
Dr Susanna Piovano, FSTE
Dr Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt, PACE-SD
Fiji Ministry of Fisheries and Forests
Ms Nanise Tuqiri

Funding: $50K


Duration: 18 Months

Overview of Project

This project aims at investigating ciguatera fish poisoning by focussing on two hot spots in Fiji; Senimuna in Kadavu and Kabara reef in Lau that had been identified through interviews from the PACE-NET + funded project entitled “Pilot Inventory of Traditional Knowledge of ciguatera fish poisoning and its treatment in the Pacific Island Region; Fiji and PNG”.  The two selected hot spots hav been known to be toxic and that all fish caught from these sites appear to be toxic.  To better understand the biological processess of occurence and accumulation in seafood, an experiment will be performed under controlled conditions and on selected fish speiceis as clearly explained in the methodology section . Results from this project will be used to prepare a paper that will be submitted to an ISI journal.

Expanding the Network of Precise Temperature Measurements in Fiji Coral Reefs

Sub-theme: Network of Precise Temperature Measurements

Project Team Leader: Dr Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt

Team Members: Dr Awnesh Singh, Prof. Elisabeth Holland, Prof. John Bythell, Dr Helen Jacot Des Combes, Ms Cherie Whippy-Morris, Dr Jerome Aucan, Dr Bernard Pelletier, Dr Jens Kruger, SPC-SOPAC; PCDF

Funding: $18,860

Duration: 2 years from April 2013 to Dec 2014

Overview of Project:

Coral Reef

Coral Reef


The acquisition of continuous and reliable field data on tropical oceanic temperature time series is essential for the development of climate models for predicting the impact of climate change on Pacific Islands Countries (PIC’s), notably concerning flooding, droughts, frequency and intensity of cyclone sea level rise and food security of local populations


    • To develop four additional seawater temperature monitoring sites in Fiji: Beqa, Rotuma Island,Vatu-i-Ra and Kadavu


    • To regularly retrieve data, rotate and maintain data loggers at all sites on a long-term basis


  • To process and upload the retrieved data to the USP and GOPS data portals to be freely available to the public, students, researchers and communities.

Improving Disaster Preparedness through More Effective Evacuation Planning

Project Leader: Dr John Lowry

Team Members: Dr Neelesh Gounder, FBE
Ms Chethna Ben, FBE
Dr Helene Jacot, PACE-SD
Dr Awnesh Singh, PACE-SD
Ms Camari Koto, FSTE
Dr Nick Rollings, FSTE
Dr Nathan Wales, FSTE
Dr Juergen Boehmer, FSTE

Funding: $49,631


Duration: 2 ½ years (expected start date Aug 2016)

Overview of Project

More than 40 people died as a result of Tropical Cyclone Winston. Many deaths occurred because people sought shelter in structures that were inadequate or because they did not know where to go for shelter. Access to safe shelter is a major concern during a cyclone and is a primary concern to the poor. Evacuation shelters in Fiji are typically schools, churches and other buildings believed to be structurally sound. Despite familiarity with cyclones and their risks, people often do not respond to cyclones in a proactive manner. For example, villagers on Koro Island were told of a potential storm surge, but did not fully understand what was meant by a “storm surge” or a “category 5 cyclone.”

The goal of this project is to produce knowledge about how disaster preparedness can be improved in Fiji though more effective evacuation planning. This will be achieved by meeting two primary objectives: 1) investigating the spatial accessibility of evacuation shelters in Fiji using geospatial data and methods, and 2) investigating how socio-cultural factors influence altitudes and actions of people in Fiji, and how lines of communication and education can be improved to better prepare for disaster.

Tropical cyclones affect all Pacific Island countries. The overarching goal of this project is to establish a centre of excellence in the knowledge and application of Disaster Risk Management at USP to serve the South Pacific region.

Pacific Community Development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis and other marine plants

Sub-theme: Pacific Community Development

Project Team Leader: Dr Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt

Team Members: Dr Sarah Hemstock, Mr Viliamu Iese, Dr Giada Migliore, Lagoon Ecology and Aquaculture, Dr David P.Chynoweth, Dept of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Florida, SPC-CETC, South Pacific Elixis Inc, Organic Matters Foundation, PODenergy.

Funding: $15,985

Duration: 2 years from Jan 2014 to Dec 2015

Overview of Project:


Red Seaweed

This two years pilot project based in the Suva Lagoon with possible ramifications to Tuvalu and Vanuatu through co-funding proposes to explore the possibilities of developing for Pacific Island communities a low-cost highly effective seaweed and/or seagrass-derived agricultural fertilizer (in solid form and foliar spray) and a sustainable new source of renewable energy (biomethane) and that have the potential to develop the economy of local communities, create employment, reduce foods and fossil fuel imports, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increase ocean species biodiversity, clean excess nutrients from seawage treatment plant discharges and cleaned up beaches fouled by seaweed.


Technical Reports

Project Title:Sustainable Sea Transport: Sustaining the impetus of SSTT 2012 – SSTRP 1


Project title – Climate Change and Food Security in PICs Project

  • 1 Technical Report in press under PACE-SD


Title – Climate Change and Food Security Assessment in Pacific Island Countries

  • Workshop/consultation with all collaborative partners

Title – Pacific Community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilariaedulis and other marine plants

  • Community Workshop organised and held on 9th April 2014 at Veiseisei Village Community Hall for Veiseisei and Navutu villagers, NGO reps, Tourism Sector reps and the public

Journal Articles

Title – Pacific Community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis and other marine plants


Title – Pacific Community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis and other marine plants

Conference Presentations

Project Title: Sustainable Sea Transport: Sustaining the impetus of SSTT 2012 – SSTRP 1

  1. Nuttall, P. (2013) “The Drua Files.” Presented at the 24th Annual Symposium on Maritime Archaeology and History of Hawai’i and the Pacific, 15-‐18 February 2013, Honolulu, Hawai’i.
  2. Nuttall, P. (2013) “The Glass is Never Empty.” Presented at the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association Meeting, 13-‐15 June 2013, Saskatoon, Canada.
  3. Nuttall, P. (2013) “The Magnus Effect and the Flettner Rotor: potential application for Oceanic Shipping.” Presented at the 12th Pacific Science Inter-‐congress, 8-‐12 July 2013, Suva, Fiji.
  4. Newell, A. (2013) “Transport and Fuel Survey of Solodamu Village, Kadavu, Fiji.” Presented at the 12th Pacific Science Inter-‐congress, 8-‐12 July 2013, Suva, Fiji.
  5. Bola, A. (2013) “Sustainable Sea Transport Research Programme”. Presented at the UN NIPPON Conference, 16 October 2013, Suva, Fiji.
  6. Bola, A. and Kaitu’u, J. (2013) “Sustainable Sea Transport: Back to the Future”. Presented at the UNESCO 5th Pacific World Heritage Workshop, 27 – 30 November 2013, Suva, Fiji.
  7. Nuttall, P. (2014) “Is a Sustainable Sea Transport Future for Pacific Islands Possible?” Presented at the Asia Pacific Regional Initiative on Energy, Environment and Ecosystem: Nexus for Sustainable Development 3E conference, 24-‐25 February 2014, Male, Maldives.
  8. Newell, A. (2014) “Turning the Tide: the need for sustainable sea transport in the Pacific”. Presented at the Shipping in Changing Climates: Provisioning for the Future conference, 18-‐19 June 2014, Liverpool, UK.
  9. Bola, A. (2014) “Potential for Sustainable Sea Transport: A Case Study of the Southern Lomaiviti, Fiji Islands.” Presented at the Shipping in Changing Climates: Provisioning for the Future conference, 18-‐19 June 2014, Liverpool, UK
  10. Nuttall, P. (2014) “Transitioning to Low Carbon Sea Transport for Pacific Islands.” Presented at Expert Conference on Development of Island’s Sustainable Societies, 29-‐30 June 2014, Okinawa, Japan.
  11. Kaitu’u, J. (2014) “Turning the Tide: Transitioning to low carbon sea transport futures”. Presented at the 2nd Sustainable Sea Transport Talanoa, 14-‐18 July 2014, Suva, Fiji.
  12. Bola, A. (2014) “Potential for Sustainable Sea Transport: A Case Study of the Southern Lomaiviti, Fiji Islands.” Presented at the 2nd sustainable sea transport talanoa, 14-18 July 2014, Suva, Fiji.

Title – Pacific Community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis and other marine plants

  1. 2014 (24 to 28 February). American Geophysical Union (AGU) Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Presentation of an oral paper on “Restoring ocean health and primary productivity with managed seaweed forests: a mass balance of carbon and nutrient cycles” and two posters “Pacific community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generation from marine biomass” and “Moving ocean policy from “take” to “give and take” with managed ocean seaweed forests”. Web page on USP project and presentations: http://oceanforesters.org/
  2. 2014 (21-28 June). Presented an oral paper at the 5th Congress of the International Society for Applied Phycology (ISAP 2014) in Sydney, Australia. Oral paper: Pacific Community Development Through Fertilizer Production and Biofuel Generation from the Seaweeds Gracilaria edulis and Sargassum polycystum (Authors A.D.R. N’Yeurt, S.L. Hemstock, V. Iese). Paper was successfully presented on Wednesday 25th of June.
  3. 2014 (14th to 18th July). Presented two oral papers at the Second International Conference on Climate Change and Renewable Energy (ICRECC) at the University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, Paper titles: (1) Pacific Community Development through Biofuel Generation from Marine Biomas. (2) Small Island Community Ownership of Rural Electrification using Solar Energy – Rotuma Island Case Study. Both papers were successfully presented with interest shown from the public
  4. 2014 (15th-17th September). Presentation at the 2014 Asia Pacific Resilience Innovation Summit and Expo (APRISE2014), Honolulu Convention Center, Hawaii, USA. Finalist in the Islands Innovation and Pacific Agriculture Innovation Challenge 2014. Oral presentation: Pathways to Island Energy and Food Independence (Sarah Hemstock, Antoine D.R. Ramon N’Yeurt, Viliamu lese, Mark E. Capron, Jim Stewart, Frank Sudia, Mohammed Hasan). Poster: Seaweed-Biogas Pathways to Island Energy and Food Independence (Antoine D.R. N’Yeurt, Sarah Hemstock, Jim R. Stewart & Mark E. Capron).




Project title – Pacific Community development through fertilizer production and biofuel generations from the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis and other marine plants

a) Radio Interview: ‘Dateline Pacific’ on Radio New Zealand International 07/04/2014

“Nuisance seaweed to be put to good use in Fiji. Efforts are underway in Fiji to help communities power their homes and fertilise their crops with nuisance seaweed.”

Dr. Antoine De Ramon N’Yeurt of the Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development of USP spoke with Sally Round of Radio New Zealand International about seaweed being a good source of biomass, and the work carried out as part of this URC project to convert marine biomass into energy and fertilisers. The story was aired throughout the Pacific on 7th of April 2014 and was good publicity and visibility for the research carried out at the University of the South Pacific

Link to Audio File (mp4): Click Here

b) Online news interview article on the Scientific Development Network: “Seaweed Forests Could Help Power Tropical Islands” (SciDev.net 31/03/2014). Interview of Dr. Antoine D.R. N’Yeurt of PaCE-SD USP at the AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting in Hawaii by Jan Piotrowski about the biofuel/biofertiliser project at the University of the South Pacific. Click here for more info.

In Press Publications

Project Title:Sustainable Sea Transport: Sustaining the impetus of SSTT 2012 – SSTRP 1

  1. Newell, A. and Bola, A. (submitted) “Solodamu: A Survey of Fuel and Transport Use in a Coastal Village on Kadavu, Fiji”. Journal of Pacific Studies.
  2. Nuttall, P. and Kaitu’u, J. (submitted) “The Magnus Effect and the Flettner Rotor: potential application for Oceanic Shipping”. Journal of Pacific Studies.
  3. Nuttall, P., Newell, A., Smith, T., Bows-‐Larkin, A., Allwright, G., Gilpin, D., Traut, M. and Rynikiewicz, C. (in press) “Renewable Energy for Shipping: Technology Brief”. IRENA Bonn.
  4. Nuttall, P. and Veitayaki, J. (in press) “Oceania is vast, Canoe is centre, village is anchor, Continent is margin”. In H.D. Smith, et al. (eds) Earthscan Handbook of Ocean Resources Management. Earthscan Publications Ltd.
  5. Newell, A., Nuttall, P., Holland, E., Veitayaki, J. and Prasad, B. (in press) “Turning the Tide: the need for sustainable sea transport in the Pacific”. Marine Policy
  6. Bola, A. (in press) “Potential for Sustainable Sea Transport: A Case Study of the Southern Lomaiviti, Fiji Islands”. Marine Policy